Family Name: Anacardiaceae

Botanical Name : Mangifera indica

Vernacular Name : Sans-Amrah, Hind-Am, Eng–Mango


Parts used : roots,bark leaves, flowers, fruits, seed kernel.

Properties and uses:

Therapeutic uses :

Fruits: (ripe) antidysenteric, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, invigorating, laxative, nutritious and refreshing; useful in haemorrhage from intestines, lungs or uterus.

Fruits (unripe) antiscorbutic, astringent and slam beneficial in erysipelas, heat apoplexy and ophthalmia; rind is astringent and stimulant, given in debility; kernel is anthelmintic and astringent; juice snuffed to stop nasal bleeding;

Seeds Kernel : powder prescribed in asthma, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhage and leucorrhoea, menorrhagia and bleeding piles;

Flowers: decoction or powder beneficial in diarrhoea, chronic dysentery and gleet;

Leaves: decoction mixed with honey given in aphasia; juice useful in dysentery;

Bark: antidiarrhoeal, astringent, useful in haemoptysis and malaena; infusion given in nasal catarrh, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, bleeding piles and in the treatment of round-worm; juice mixed with lime water is considered to be a valuable remedy in acute gonorrhoea.

The ripe fruit is sweet and oily; aphrodisiac, tonic; increases appetite; cooling; beautifies the complexion; astringent to the bowels; cures "vata"; heart troubles, urinary discharges, ulcers, blood impurities,aphrodisiac, haemostatic. If eaten in excess it causes loss of appetite, typhoid, blood impurities, eye sores.

The ripe fruit is considered laxative, and therefore much prized by persons labouring under habitual constipation

The seed is sweet, sour, acrid; cures vomiting, dysentery, burning in the region of the heart.

The seed is astringent to the bowels and used in chronic diarrhcea; cooling, aphrodisiac; a good collyrium

The oil from the seeds is acrid, sweet, bitter; cures stomatitis and "vata"

The bark is astringent and styptic.; stops vomiting and diarrhrea.

The leaves cure piles; their smoke stops hiccough. The flowers improve" kapha" and enrich the blood.

The fruit has :flavour and taste; sweet; tonic to the body, the liver, the spleen; laxative, diuretic, stomachic; improves the complexion; removes bad smell from the mouth; clears the brain; dispels langour and burning of the body; good in cough, piles. thirst, and pain in the liver.

The unripe fruit is said to be useful in ophthalmia and eruptions, and the seeds in asthma.

The rind of the fruit is astringent and also a stimulant tonic in debility of the stomach.

The bark and kernel are known as astringent and used in hcemorrhage, diarrhoea and other discharges.

The decotion of the kernel, either alone or in combination with bel and ginger, is generally prescribed in diarrhoea.

The juice or the kernel, if snuffed, can stop nasal bleeding.

The kernel is also described as an anthelmintic and containing a large quantity of gallic acid, highly useful in bleeding piles and menorrhagia., also useful in leucorrhoea, diabetes, heart burn, haemorrhages, ulcers, bruises, chronic diarrhea and dysentery.

The fruit, whether green or ripe, is dried in the sun and recommended as an antiscorblitic.

The bark and the fruit are considered very useful in cases of hremorrhage from the uterus, lungs, or intestines.

The smoke of the burning leaves is supposed to have a curative effect in some affections of the throat.

The resinous juice is used as a specific for diarrhoea and dysentery, and as a cure for scabies and cutaneous affections.



Botanical Name : Pyrus malus

Vernacular Name: Sans- Seba,Hind - Seb , Eng - Apple


Parts used : fruits

Properties and uses :

The fruit is acrid, sweet, cooling; In "vata" and biliousness; cause.

An infusion of apple-tree bark is given with benefit during intermittent, remittent, and bilious fevers.

The poultice made of rotten apples is commonly used for the use of weak, or rheumatic eyes.

An apple poultice is employed for inflamed eyes, the apple being roasted and its pulp applied over the eyes without any intervening substance. To obviate constipation apples taken at night, whether baked or raw, are admirably efficient.

Water in which apples have been boiled is prescribed as a cooling drink for feverish patients.

The juice of a sour apple, if rubbed on warts first pared away to the quick, will serve to cure them.

Ripe apples are applied to warts to remove them.



Family Name: Rhamnaceae

Botanical Name : Zizyphus mauritiana

Vernacular Name : Sans –Badara, Hind –Ber ,Eng –Indian jujube


Parts Used: Fruits, seeds, leaves, twigs, bark and root.

Therapeutic Uses:

Fruits: (wild variety) anodyne, astringent, cooling stomachic, styptic and tonic; (cultivated variety when ripe and dry) expectorant and mild laxative;

Seeds: antidiarrhoeal; kernel used for abdominal pain in pregnancy, as an antidote to aconite poisoning, antiemetic, sedative and soporific;

Leaves: astringent and diaphoretic; leaves and twigs: paste applied to abscesses, boils and curbuncles to promote suppuration and to strangury. stem-bark: astringent; powder or decoction useful in diarrhoea;

Root-bark: juice purgative; externally applied to gout and rheumatism;

Root: decoction beneficia] in fever and powder for old wounds and ulcers. The root is bitter and cooling; cures" kapha "; biliousness, headache.

The bark cures boils; good in dysentery and diarrhoea.

The leaves are bitter and cooling; cure" kapha ", biliousness, diarrhoea; antipyretic; reduce obesity.

The ripe fruit (sauvira) is cooling, indigestible, aphrodisiac, tonic, laxative, invigorating; removes biliousness, burning sensation, thirst, vomiting; good ill consumption and blood diseases.

The dry fruit is a laxative and appetiser; removes impurities from the blood; allays thirst.

The seeds are acrid and sweetish; tonic, aphrodisiac; cure eye diseases, cough, asthma, thirst, "yata", vomiting, burning sensation, biliousness; good in leucorrhrea

The leaves are anthelmintic; good in stomatitis and gum bleeding; heal wounds, syphilitic ulcers; cure asthma; good in liver complaints.-

The flowers afford a good collyrium in eye troubles.

The unripe fruit increases thirst; lessens expectoration and biliousness.

The ripe fruit is sweet, sour, and has flavour; not good for digestion; causes diarrhoea in large doses; useful in fevers, and for wounds and ulcers. –

The seed is astringent; tonic to the heart and the brain; allays thirst .

The fruit is said to be mucilaginous, pectoral, and styptic.

The berries are considered to purify the blood and to assist digestion.

The bark is said to be a remedy in diarrhoea. The root is used in decoction in fever, and as a powder it is applied to ulcers and old wounds.



Family Name: caricaceae

Botanical Name : carica papaya

Vernacular Name: Sans- Eranda karkati ,Hind - pappaya , Eng - papaya

Parts used : fruits ,latex

Properties and uses :

The ripe fruit is tasty; astringent to the bowels, aphrodisiac; Increases" kapha" and" vata"; removes biliousness cures insanity.

The ripe fruit is stomachic, appetiser, digestive, carminative, diuretic; cures inflammations, enlargement of the spleen; removes urinary concretions; relieves obesity; used in haemoptysis, bleeding piles, wounds of the urinary tracts; useful in ringworm, skin diseases, psoriasis .

The milky juice of the unripe fruit has long been considered anthelmintic and principally effectual in the expulsion of lumbrici. It is applied locally to the os uteri to procure abortion.

The seeds are also said to be vermifuge; but they are mostly used as an emmenagogue. It is a popular belief that they may cause abortion.

The roots are said to cure yaws, and also piles. The root is ground up and mixed with salt forming a paste which is then mixed with water and the resulting solution is used as an enema, which is supposed to cause abortion in pregnant women.

The dry leaves when placed in water, form a yellowish-red liquor which is drunk to cure stomach troubles.

The roots are considered diuretic; they are used internally as a hemostatic in metrorrhagia. Carpaine, an alkaloid with an intensely bitter taste and a strong depressing action on the heart, has been obtained from the fruit and seeds, but especially from the leaves . Papaine, a digestive enzyme, valued in medicine and in the preparation of chewing gums, is obtained from the white, thin latex or juice



Family Name: Aracaceae

Botanical Name : Phoenix dactylifera

Vernacular Name: Sans- Pindakharjura, Hind - Khajur, Eng - Date palm

Parts used-leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds.  

Properties and uses  

The fruit is sweet, cooling, tonic, fattening, aphrodisiac, useful in leprosy, thirst, asthma, bronchitis, fatigue, tuberculosis, abdominal complaints, fevers, vomiting, wandering of the mind, loss of consciousness.  

The toddy is intoxicating, fattening, aphrodisiac; improves taste; useful in bronchitis and" vata "; causes biliousness  

The leaves are aphrodisiac; good -for the liver.  

The flower is bitter; purgative, expectorant, tonic to the liver; useful in fever and blood complaints.  

The fruit is aphrodisiac, tonic; strengthens the kidney; enriches the blood; useful in paralysis, chest, and lung complaints.  

The dry fruit is sweet, diuretic, aphrodisiac, enriches the blood; useful in bronchitis.-  

The seed is applied to wounds; lessens inflammation.

 Dates are considered demulcent, expectorant, laxative, nutrient and aphrodisiac. They are prescribed in cases of cough, asthma and other chest complaints; also in fever, Gonorrhea,  

The gum is esteemed as a useful remedy in diarrhea and diseases of the genito­urinary system. Long-continued use of the fruit is said to produce soreness of the gums.



Family Name: Arecaceae

Botanical Name : Cocos nucifera Linn

Vernacular Name: Sans- Narikelah ,Hind - Nariyal , Eng - Coconut


Parts used: roots, inflorescence, seeds (shell, kernel, water and oil)

Properties and uses:

The roots are astringent, diuretic and anthelmintic, and are useful in pharyngodynia, uterine disorders, blennorrhagia, bronchitis, hepatopathy, strangury and helminthiasis.

The juice of the young spadix when fresh is sweet, refrigerant, aperient, aphrodisiac, intoxicating, diuretic and tonic, and is usrful in dyspepsia, diarrhoea, dysentery, diabetes, haemoptysis, strangury, leprosy and general debility.

The shell is cooling, diuretic and deodorant, and is good for hyperdipsia, strangury and halitosis.

The kernel is sweet, cooling, oleaginous, indigestible, appetiser, aphrodisiac, laxative and tonic, and is useful in bronchitis, vitiated condition of pitta, hyperdipsia, tumours, skin diseases, eruptive fevers, haemoptysis and general debility.

The water is sweet, cooling, digestive, aphrodisiac, diuretic, aperient, anthelmintic and tonic, and is useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, blennorrhagia, hyperdipsia, exhaustion, dysentery and diarrohea, dehydration, strangury, and general debility.

The oil is sweet, insecticidal, trichogenous, digestive, aphrodisiac, appetizer, useful in strangury, diabetes, bronchitis, cough, consumption, graying of hairs.



Family Name: rubiaceae

Botanical Name : Coffee Arabica

Vernacular Name: Sans-Rjapiluh ,Hind - Caphi , Eng - Coffee


Parts used: seeds

Properties and uses:

The seeds arc bitter, stimulanlt, diuretic, antipyretic and aromatic, and are used as a medicinal beverage for the sick and convalescent,

It stinmlates the flower digestive juices and intestinal peristalsis,

The infusion of unripe seeds is good for migraine, fever and gout, whereas infusion of ripe roasted seeds is good for diarrhea

Coffee is a palliativc in spasmodic asthma, whooping hysteria. and cardiopaimus,



Family Name: Vitaceae

Botanical Name : Vilis vinifera

Vernacular Name : Sans: Draksha; Hind. Angur; Eng : Common grape vine.


It is madhura, amla and sheeta; pacifies deranged pitta; beneficial in burning. sensation and urinary troubles; appetizing, aphrodisiac and highly palatable

Parts Used : Fruits, leaves and young branch.

Therapeutic Uses:

Fruits: fresh grapes are cooling, demulcent, diuretic, laxative, refrigerant, stomachic and tonic; beneficial in chronic bronchitis, dyspepsia, dysuria, haemorrhagia, heart diseases and strangury; juice highly efficacious in severe cold, fever, jaundice and for thirst and constipation during teething in children; juice of unripe fruits is astringent and useful in throat affections; dried fruits (raisins) are cooling, demulcent, laxative and stomachic; effective in catarrh, consumption, cough, thirst, hoarseness, jaundice, enlarged liver and spleen and in wasting diseases; leaves: anti diarrhoeal and astringent; young branch: expressed juice is useful in skin diseases.


Family Name: Poaceae

Botanical Name : Saccharum officinarum

Vernacular Name : Sans- Ikshu ,Hind - Ganna , Eng - Sugar cane

Parts used : roots,stem.

Properties and uses : The roots are cooling, diuretic, useful in uropathy. The stems are sweet, cooling, emollient, laxative, cardiotonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, haemostatic, galactagogue, useful in fatigue, leprosy, gastropathy, cardiac debility, haematemesis, cough, bronchitis, anaemia, ulcers of the skin, mucous membrane, swminal weakness, emaciation and general debility.

Sugar-cane is sweet; oleaginous, indigestible; diuretic, tonic, cooling, aphrodisiac, useful in fatigue, thirst, leprosy, intestinal troubles, anaemia, erysipelas; causes" kapha ", ulcers, inflammations.

Sugar is sweet; oleaginous, aphrodisiac, diuretic; causes intoxication, "kapha ", intestinal worms. Sugar-cane is sweet, laxative, diuretic, fattening, aphrodisiac; purifies the blood; good for the lungs; bad for the liver The roots are considered cooling and diuretic, and the stem a good bechic.

Sugar is described as detergent and emollient. sugar is considered heavy, tonic, and aperient, useful in heat delirium and disorders of the bile and wind..

A decoction of the stem is given in diarrhoeas of childhood. In cases of poisoning by copper, arsenic or corrosive sublimate, sugar has been, successfully employed as an antidote, and white sugar finely pulverised is occasionally sprinkled upon ulcers with unhealthy granulation.



Family Name: Rutaceae

Botanical Name : citrus aurantifolia

Vernacular Name: Sans- Jambirah ,Hind –khatta, Eng - sour orange


Parts used : fruits

Properties and uses : The fruits are sour, bitter, astringent, laxative, appetizer, stomachic, digestive, useful in vitiated pitta, kapha, cough, bronchitis, dyspepsia, nausea, colic, scabis, anemia.

Flowers small, very sweet-scented; fruit pear-shaped or globose; rind smooth, pale yellow; pulp acidulous, with a pleasant aroma.

The leaves are anthelmintic, stomachic, appetising; remove "vata", "kapha ", and bad taste in the mouth.

The unripe fruit is very sour and sweet, with flavour; digestive. tonic, appetiser, anthelmintic; causes biliousness; removes troubles due to "vata ". and "kapha "; allays thirst, vomiting, had taste in the mouth, and heart troubles.-

The ripe fruit is sweet; aphrodisiac; removes, "kapha", 'and leprosy; its juice in the ear stops earache.

The juice of the fruit is useful as a cooling drink in small-pox, measles, scarlatina, and other forms of fever.

It may also be taken with advantage in cases of haemorrhage from the lungs, stomach, bowels, uterus, kidneys, and other internal organs.



Family Name: Myrtaceae

Botanical Name : Syzygium cumini

Vernacular Name: Sans-Jambuh ,Hind -Jamun , Eng – Black pium

Parts used : bark, leaves, fruits

Properties and uses:

The bark is astringent, sweet, sour, acrid, refrigerant, carminative, diuretic, digestive, anthelmintic, febrifuge, constipating, stomachic and antibacterial.

It is useful in diabetes, leucorrhoea, stomachalgia, fever, gastropathy, strangury and dermatopathy.

The leaves are antibacterial and are used for strengthening the tteeth and gums.

The tender leaves are used for vomiting.

The fruits and seeds are sweet, acrid, sour, tonic and cooling, and are used in diabetes, diarrhoea, pharyngitis, splenopathy, urethrorrhea and ringworm.



Family Name: Arecaceae

Botanical Name : Phoenix dactylifera Linn

Vernacular Name: Sans-Kharjurah ,Hind -Khajur , Eng - Date palm


Parts used: leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds

Properties and uses:

The leaves are aphrodisiac and is reported to-be good for hepatopathy.

Flowers are bitter, purgative, expectorant, hepatic and febrifuge.

Fruits are sweet, cooling, aphrodisiac, tonic and diuretic. They are useful in nephropathy, strangury, pectoral diseases, bronchitis, cough, dipsia, burning sensation and gastropathy. A paste made out of the seeds is good for the opacity of the cornea, cephalalgia, hemicrania, inflammations and wounds.

The toddy is aphrodisiac, digestive, appetising, intoxicating and tonic. It is useful in bronchitis and vitiated conditions of vata and kapha.



Family Name:Cucurbiaceae

Botanical Name : Cucumis mela

Vernacular Name: Sans-kharbuja ,Hind - kharbuja , Eng – sweet-melon


Parts used : fruits and seeds

Properties and uses :

The unripe fruit is bitter, sour; may cause skin eruptions and strangury.

The ripe fruit is sweet, oily, wholesome; cooling, fattening; tonic, laxative, aphrodisiac, diuretic; cures" vata ", biliousness, insanity, ascites; allays fatigue; causes "kapha"

The fruit is of different kinds: sweet, acrid, sour; tonic, laxative, galactagcgue, diuretic, diaphoretic; strengthens the heart, the brain, and the body in general; cures ophthalmia, urinary discharges; causes congestion of the eyes in plethoric people; gives headache; may causes indigestion.

The rind is vulnerary; applied to the hypogastrium it causes diuresis.

The seeds are lachrymatory, diuretic, tonic; used in ophthalmia, liver and kidney troubles, bronchitis, burning of the throat, chronic fever, thirst

The seeds are supposed to be a cooling medicme.

They are edible, nutritive and diuretic, and used in painful discharges and suppression of urine.

The fruit is considered cool and astringent, and is given in cases of dyspepsia.

The oil from the seeds is said to be very nourishing.

Not only the seeds but the pulp of the fruit is a powerful diuretic, very beneficial in chronic, and also in acute, eczema.



Family Name: Musaceae

Botanical Name : Musa paradisiaca

Vernacular Name: Sans-kadali, Hind -kela , Eng - banana


Parts used: roots, leaves, fruits, stem

Properties and uses : The roots are anthelmentic. Antiscorbutic, depurative and tonic, and are useful in venereal diseases, helminthiasis, scabies, leprosy, skin diseases and debility. The tender leaves are useful in scabies, inflammations, Ophthalmopathy, blisters and bums.-

The fruits are sweet, astringent, emollient, Cooling, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac, antiscorbutic, demulcent and tonic. They are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, dipsia, helminthiasis, scabies, pruritus, bronchitis, pharyngodynia, nephropathy, strangury and general debility.

The ashes obtained by burning the plant are antiscorbutic, anthelmintic and stomachic, and are useful in hyperacidity, heartburn, colic and verminosis.
The flowers are good for dysentery, diabetes, ascites and dropsy. The inflorescence axis (stem) is very specific for renal and vesical calculi.

The root is acrid; anthelmintic, tonic; increases appetite; useful in "kapha" and biliousness, pain in the ear, menstrual disorders, diseases of the blood, diabetes insipidus, acid dyspepsia, leprosy.

The juice of the stem is cooling, astringent to the bowels, anti. dysenteric; useful in thirst, strangury, urinary discharges, leprosy, diseases of the ear, the blood, the uterus, the vagina.-The flowers are sweet, acrid, oleagenous, cooling; anthelmintic, astringent to the bowels; useful in ..vata ", biliousness, consumption, bronchitis.

The unripe fruit is acrid, cooling, tonic, astringent to the bowels; causes" vata" and" kapha ".

The ripe fruit is sweet, acrid, cooling, tonic, aphrodisiac; excites appetite; useful in leprosy, thirst, bronchitis, consumption, burning sensations, vaginal and urinary discharges, urinary concretions, biliousness; improves. the complexion

The leaves are good for scabies and inflammations.

The juice of the root is anthelmintic. The burnt stem is vulnerary.

The fruit has a sweet, good taste; indigestible; causes bronchitis; thickens the blood; tonic, astringent to the bowels, aphrodisiac; good for dry bronchitis, sore throat, kidney troubles
The root and stem are considered tonic, antiscorbutic, and useful in disorders of the blood and venereal disease. The root is also used as an anthelmintic.
The juice of the tender roots is used with mucilage for checking haemorrhages from the genital and air passages. Mixed with ghi and sugar it is given for gonorrhoea.
The juice of the bark and leaf is frequently given to children suffering from an overdose of opium.
The juice of the bark mixed with ghi acts as a brisk purgative.

Young plantain leaves are used as a cool dressing for blisters, burns, &c., and to retain the moisture of water dressings. They may also be used as a green shade in ophthalmia and other eye diseases.

The ashes produced by burning the dried leaves, the stem, or the entire plant are antiscorbutic; they are used in acidity, heart burn, colic, and intestinal worms. The juice of the flowers mixed with curds is used in dysentery and menorrhagia. The gum obtained from the unripe plantain mixed with rice water is used in diarrhoea. the sap of the fresh stem is largely used in nervous affections, viz., hysteria, epilepsy, etc.



Family Name: rutaceae

Botanical Name : Citrus reticulata

Vernacular Name: Sans-Narangah ,Hind - Santra , Eng -Orange


Parts used: flowers, fruits

Properties and uses: The flowers are fragrant, stimulant, diuretic, anodyne, antispasmodic, sedative, febrifuge and tonic, and are useful in catarrh, strangury, pectoral diseases, lumbago, spasmodic affections, haemorrhoids, splenomegaly, fever and general debility.

The fruit rind is anthelmintic, antidiarrhoeal, stomachic and tonic, and is useful in vomiting, helminthiasis, bilious diarrhoea, dyspepsia, flatulence, skin diseases and general debility.

The fruits are sour, sweet, cooling, deodorant, aphrodisiac, appetiser, digestive, liver tonic, alexeteric and disinfectant, and are useful in vomiting, retching, vitiated conditions of pitta and viita, pectoral diseases, hepatopathy, seminal weakness, anorexia, dyspepsia, cardiac disorders and general debility.

The unripe fruit. is strengthening; cardiotonic, laxative, anthelmintic; removes fatigue.-The ripe fruit has flavour; difficult to digest; sweet and slightly sour; laxative, aphrodisiac; removes "vata"; causes" kapha" and" pitta"

The flower is stimulant; its smell relieves colds; its decoction is good in fevers; its juice is tonic, diuretic, useful in piles, enlargement of the spleen, chest troubles, and lumbago.-The fruit is sour, and sweet, and has flavour; cooling, aphrodisiac, astringent to the bowels, tonic to the liver; relieves vomiting and retching; removes biliousness; fortifies the chest.- The rind is anthelmintic; good in vomiting and in skin diseases; its juice stops bilious diarrhoea The leaves are considered pectorial and are given for bronchitis.

The water distilled from orange flowers is employed, in one or two fluid ounces, as an antispasmodic and sedative in nervous and hysterical cases. Orange poultice is recommended in some skin affections, such as psoriasis, &c. Oranges are considered to be alexipharmic and disinfectant; orange-water stimulating and refreshing. The essence extracted by oil from the rind and flowers is used as a stimulating liniment. The peel is useful for checking vomiting, and the prevention of intestinal worms. The dried outer portion of the rind of the fruit possesses stomachic and tonic properties. It is useful in atonic dyspepsia, and general debility. The fruit contains the glucoside hesperidin.



Family Name: Arecaceae

Botanical Name : Borassus flabellifer Linn

Vernacular Name: Sans-talah ,Hind - tar , Eng –palmyra palm


Parts used: roots, leaves, inflorescences, fruits

Properties and uses: The roots are cooling, restorative, diuretic, stimulant and antiphlogistic. They are useful in hyperdipsia, burning sensation, strangury and inflammation.

The juice of the leaf stalks and young roots is good for gastric catarrh and hiccough

The ash obtained by burning the inflorescene is a good antacid and antiperiodic, and is useful in hyperacidity, heart burn, bilious fever, splenomegaly, haepatomegaly and skin diseases.

The fruits are sweet, cooling, laxative, sedative, anthelmllltic, depurative, styptic, stomachic, aphrodisiac and tonic.

They are useful in hyperdipsia, burning sensation, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, constipation, intestinal worms, leprosy, skin diseases, haemorrhages, haemoptysis, vitiated conditions of pitta and vata and general debility.



Family Name: Moraceae

Botanical Name : Artocarpus integrifolia

Vernacular Name: Sans- Panasa ,Hind – Panasa Eng - Jack fruit


Parts used : roots ,leaves, fruits, seeds, wood , latex.

Properties and uses :
The unripe fruit is acrid, carmative, tonic, useful in kapha. The ripe fruit is cooling, oleagenous; tonic, fattening, aphrodisiac; useful in biliousness, "vata," leprosy, ulcers; causes" kapha." The seeds are sweet; diuretic, aphrodisiac, constipating. The young leaves as fomentation are applied to boils and wounds to dry them.

The fruit is sweet with a pleasant taste; tonic, aphrodisiac; enriches the blood. The juice of the plant is applied externally to glandular swellings and abscesses to promote suppuration. The tubers, if worn on the waist, are said to cure hydrocele. The young leaves are used in skin diseases, and the root is used internally in diarrhoea. The unripe fruit is astringent, the ripe laxative, but rather difficult to digest, although very nutritious. The wood is considered a nervous sedative, and is administered in convulsions. The latex is useful in dysopia, opthalmitis pharyngitis.



Family Name: Bromeliaceae

Botanical Name : Ananas sativus

Vernacular Name: Sans- Anannasa,Hind - Ananas , Eng - .pine-apple

Parts used : fruits ,leaves

Properties and uses : The unripe fruit is digestive; useful in cardiac disorders and in fatigue; causes" kapha " and biliousness.,sour, cooling, appetizer, cardiotonic, uterine tonic, anthelmintic, . they are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, anorexia, dyspepsia, helminthiasis, constipation, haematemesis, sexually transmitted diseases, amenorrhoea, dysmenorriotonic, styptic., fever.

The ripe fruit is sweet; useful in diseases of the blood; causes biliousness, diuretic, carminative, digestive, cardotonic . they are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, anorexia, flatulence, colic, hyperacidity, cardiac debility, jaundice, renal and vesical calculi, scabis, prurities, haematemesis, haemoptysis. The fresh juice of the leaves is regarded as a powerful anthelmintic, and that of the fruit as an antiscorbutic. the fruits and roots are considered diuretic.They are given in blennorrhogia and renal lithiasis.



Family Name: punicaceae

Botanical Name : Punica grnatum

Vernacular Name: Sans- Dadimah ,Hind - Anar , Eng -Pomegranat


Parts used : roots ,flowers, fruits, seeds, bark

Properties and uses :

Therapeutic Uses:

Fruits: juice cooling and refrigerant; decoction of the rind beneficial in chronic diarrhoea and dysentery; a combined decoction of the rind and the bark of Kurchi (Holarrhena antidysenterica) is an efficacious remedy for dysentery; pulp and seeds: stomachic;

Flower buds: dried and powdered to a snuff usefully applied to epistaxis and internally used as an effective remedy in infantile diarrhoea and dysentery;

Bark (stem and root) : anthelmintic, specially against tape worm, antidysenteric and astringent;

Leaves: green ones made into a paste applied on eyes for conjunctivitis; juice in dysentery. The root is an external vermicide.
The bark and seeds are useful in bronchitis. The bark is astringent; strengthens the gums; used in piles, prolapsus ani, colic.
The flowers are useful in epistaxis. The flowers are styptic to the gums; check vomiting; useful in biliousness, sore eyes, ulcers, sore throat; applied to hydrocele; vulnerary.
The unripe fruit is a good appetiser and tonic, useful in vomiting; causes biliousness .The unripe fruit lessens inflammation; used in keratitis.
The ripe fruit is tonic, astringent to the bowels, aphrodisiac; cures biliousness, "tridosha, thirst, burning sensation of the body, fever, heart disease, sore throat, stomatitis.
The ripe fruit is sweet; tonic, laxative, diuretic, fattening; enrich the blood; allays .thirst; used in sore throat, sore eyes, brain diseases,. spleen complaints, chest troubles, scabies, bronchitis, earache.
The seeds are astringent to the bowels; enrich the blood; used in vomiting, sore eyes, biliousness, scabies, liver and kidney disorders. They also use the rind of the fruit and the flowers, combined with aromatics, such as cloves, cinnamon, coriander, pepper, etc., as a bowel astringent in diarrhoea.
The seeds are considered to be stomachic, the pulp cardiac and stomachic.
The rind of the fruit is anthelmintic; useful in diarrhoea, and dysentery Pomegranate peel, combined with opium and an aromatic, such as cloves, is a most useful remedy in chronic dysentery as well as in diarrhoea.
A decoction of the bark followed by a purgative, acts as an anthelmintic.
The dried bark of the stems and roots has long been used as an
A decoction of the dried rind of the fruit is drunk for the relief of stomach-ache and in dysentery,while an infusion of the same material is taken for colitis.
An infusion of the powdered fruit, rind, and rice flour is used in diarrhea and dysenteries, and as an anthelmintic.



Family Name: Myrtaceae

Botanical Name : Psidium guajava Linn

Vernacular Name: Sans-Perukah, Hind -Amrud , Eng – Gauva tree

Parts used : roots, leaves, flowers, fruits

Properties and uses: The roots are astringent, haemostatic, constipating and antiemetic, and are useful in haemorrhages, diarrhoea and dysentery especially in children, ulcers, gingivitis, proctoptosis and vomiting.
The leaves are astringent, anodyne, febrifuge, antispasmodic and tonic.
They are useful in wounds, ulcers, cholera, diarrhoea, vomiting, nephritis, cachexia, vitiated conditions of vara, epilepsy, odontalgia and gum boils.
The flowers are cooling, laxative and tonic, and are useful in bronchitis, ophthalmodynia, colic andulemorrhagia.
The fruits are sweet, astringent, sour, cooling, aphrodisiac, laxative and tonic.
They are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, dipsia, burning sensation, colic, ulemorrhagia, diarrhoea, dysentery and general debility.
The fruit is acrid and sour, with a flavour; cooling, aphrodisiac; causes" kapha "; cures" vata ","tridosha", and biliousness
The leaves are used for wounds and ulcers, and as an astringent for bowels.- The flower cools the body; used in bronchitis; applied to sore eyes.- The anthers dry wounds; cool the heated brain.- The fruit is sweet or sour; tonic, cooling, laxative after food; used in thirst, heat of the body; good ill colic, and for bleeding gums.- The gum is tonic; the ash caustic .
The bark of the root of var. pyriferum is valued for its astringent
properties, and has been employed with success in the diarrhoea of children. It is generally administered in the form of decoction.
The decoction serves a good deal in the prolapsus ani of children. The young leaves are used as a tonic in the diseases of the digestive functions. The bark of the var. pomiferum possesses similar properties. The decoction of the leaves has been used in cholf".ra with some success, in arresting vomiting and diarrhoea.
The leaves when chewed are said to be a remedy in toothache. the roots are beaten and mixed with water and used in curing diarrhoea and dysentery. The leaves are said to relieve toothache when chewed.
A decoction of the young leaves and shoots is prescribed in febrifuge and antispasmodic baths; an infusion of the leaves in cerebral affections, nephritis, and cachexia; the pounded leaves are locally applied in rheumatism; an extract is used in epilepsy and chorea; the tincture is rubbed into the spine of children suffering from convulsions. The fruit and its conserve are astringent and suitable to those suffering from diarrhoea and dysentery.



Family Name: Sapotaceae

Botanical Name : Achras sapota

Vernacular Name: Sans- sapota ,Hind - sapota , Eng - Sapota


Parts used : fruit, seeds bark

Properties and uses : The fruit soaked in melted eaten in the morning, is considered to be an against biliousness and febrile attacks.

The seeds are known to be aperient and diuretic, and the bark is reputed to be tonic and febrifuge. the bark is used as a tonic and antipyretic, the seed As a diuretic. the bark is considered astringent and febrifuge. The decoction is given in diarrhoea and in paludism.



Family Name : Annonaceae

Botanical Name : Annona squamosa

Vernacular Name : Sans- sitaphalam,Hind - sitaphal , Eng – custard apple


Parts used : roots, leaves, fruits, seeds

Properties and uses :

Fruit sweet, tasty; good tonic, enriches the blood, increases muscular strength; cooling, lessens burning sensation; sedative to the heart; lessens tendency to biliousness; relieves vomiting Root cathartic.
Fruit sweet, flavorous; enriches the blood; stimulant, expectorant.
The root is considered a drastic purgative, and is administered in acute dysentery.
It is also employed internally in depression of spirits and spinal diseases. An infusion of the leaves is considered efficacious in prolapsus ani of children; and The leaves are supperative and insecticidal and useful in destroying lice.the bruised leaves with salt make a cataplasm to induce suppuration.
They are applied as a poultice over boils and ulcers Ripe fruit made into paste with betel leaves is applied to tumour to hasten suppuration; Dried powdered unripe fruits or bruised leaves effective in healing ulcers; Fresh leaf-juice applied to nostrils in hysteria and fainting.
Roots purgative, useful in blood dysentery; seeds are abortifacient



Family Name: Moraceae

Botanical Name : Ficus. racemosa L

Vernacular Names: Sans: Udumbara; Hind-Umar Eng : Cluster fig


It is kasaya; ripe fruit is madhura and sheetaveerya, produces intestinal worms, beneficial in deranged pitta; cures dyscrasia and syncope, allays burning sensation and thirst.

Parts used: Fruits, leaves, latex, bark and root

Therapeutic uses: Milky juice of the plant is useful in piles and diarrhoea.

Fruits are astringent, stomachic, carminative; useful in menorrhoea and haemoptysis. Root and fruit are considered to have hypoglycaemic activity in diabetes; root-juice efficacious in dysentery.

Leaves powdered, mixed with honey, and given in bilious affections.

Fruit and bark find application in the preparations of Ayurvedic and Unani medicine. Fresh juice of ripe fruits is given as a vehicle to medicine in diabetes and urinary complaints.

The bark is astringent, antidiabetic, refrigerant and useful as a wash for wounds, highly efficacious in threatened abortions and also recommended in uropathy.

Powdered leaves mixed with honey are given in vitiated conditions of pitta.

A decoction of the leaves is a good wash for wounds and ulcers.
Tender fruits (figs) are used in vitiated conditions of pitta. diarrhoea, dyspepsia and haemorrhages.

The ripe fruits are astringent, stomachic, refrigerant and carminative, and are useful in menorrhagia and haemoptysis.
The latex is aphrodisiac, and is administered in haemorrhoids and diarrhoea.